1990's: CSX completes switchover from remote control defect
detectors to audible radio defect detectors. [MRF-5/90]
November 14: After
being torn out for about two years, the crossing diamonds for the
GTW and the TSBY at Durand are back in place.
January: The takeover of
the Soo Line by the Canadian Pacific is virtually complete, with
CP now owning 96% of Soo Line stock. [MRC-3/90]
February: CSX Grand Rapids
Dispatcher and Saginaw West Dispatchers are transferred to
Jacksonville, FL [MRF-5/90]
April 16-17: The CSX Potter
Street Station burns. [COHS-6/1991]
July 4: The Coopersville &
Marne makes its first revenue passenger run between its namesake
Summer: The Norfolk & Western
replaces jointed rail with welded rail between Adrian and the
Boat Yard in downtown Detroit. [MRC-9/1990]
September 29: Detroit &
Mackinac makes it's last move between Gaylord and Cheboygan.
September: Strike by mine
workers at the Tilden and Empire mine close ore operations in
the UP. [MRC-12/1990]
Fall: Proctor & Gamble
announces that it will close its paper mill in Cheboygan,
eliminating the Detroit & Mackinac's only significant customer
in their northern terminal. Without the mill, there is
little reason for the D&M to run north of Gaylord.
November 30: CN
ceases operation in their riverfront yard in Windsor, Ontario.
December 12: Michigan Shore
Railroad purchases trackage in Muskegon from the Central
Michigan Railroad. [MRRC]
Christmas: The Durand Depot
is officially designated by the state as the Michigan State
Railroad History Museum and Information Center.
closes West Detroit interlocking tower - [JH]
Soo Line removes former
DSS&A track East of Bergland to Sidnaw. [SOO-S/1994]
January 23: Huron
& Eastern Ry. takes over operation of the original 54 miles of
TSBY operation near Vasser. [AATHA-Sp/1991]
April: Work crews
remove rail and ties of the former MCRR/NYC/D&M line between
Cheboygan and Mackinaw City. [MRC-8/1991]
April: Railroads begin
blowing their horns at all road grade crossing in cities where
it was formerly prohibited by local ordinance. This
follows a study from the FRA indicating that grade crossing
accidents increase 195% when the horn is not used. The FRA
also ruled that local ordinances are superceded by federal law.
June 1: CSX closes Plaster
Creek (JG) Tower in Grand Rapids, transferring operations to
Jacksonville, Florida. Plaster Creek controlled trains
entering or leaving Wyoming yard, and the entire main line
from the old Pleasant Street Tower to just past the East Tower
at Lamar. As of this writing the following towers remained
on the CSX in Michigan and the region: Alexis, Carleton,
Delray, Rougemere, Fostoria, Hallet, Plymouth, Ironville
(Presque Isle), Manhattan Blvd., Millard, RX in Toledo,
Walbridge WR, and Walbridge Stanley. [C&OHS-4/1991]
August 11: Milan Tower
September 21: Amtrak
completes a $1.7 million renovation of the former CSX Holland
The Wisconsin Central awards
contracts to strengthen the international railroad bridge at
Sault Ste. Marie. [MRC-9/1991]
& Mackinac removes all rail between Hawks and Cheboygan.
The N&W files to abandon its
Delta District from Delmont Jct. (Maumee, Ohio) west to
Montpelier, Ohio, about 48 miles. There has been no
through train on the lince since December, 1990.
The former GR&I/PRR/Northern
Michigan track from Reed City north to Cadillac has been pulled
February: The Lake State
Railway Company (LSRC) is created, following the lease of the Detroit
& Mackinac Railway to management officials. [MRC-2/1995]
June: The Union Belt of Detroit
is dissolved. [EMR4]
November: Work starts on
enlarging one tube of the Detroit-Windsor Tunnel. It is
completed on April 17, 1994. [SOO-Su/1994]
Summer: The diamonds of the
Holly Sub over the GTW Mt. Clemens Sub at Milwaukee Junction were
September 20: GTW removes the
diamonds of the Holly Subdivision crossing the Conrail line at
Milwaukee Junction. [MRC-12/1993]
December 13: CSX Toledo
Terminal Dispatching function is transferred to Jacksonville,
December: Wisconsin Central
takes over the Algoma Central. [MRF-11/1994]
December: Morris Leasing buys
Conrail Quincy Secondary, 15 miles from White Pigeon to Sturgis, and
4 mile former GR&I branch from Sturgis to the Indiana state line.
December: Most CSX trains now
operate with two-man crews, as a result of a new labor agreement.
Brakemen have been eliminated on most trains, leaving a conductor
and engineer. [MRC-12/1993]
Greenfield Village completes
construction of a new 39,000 gallon water tower. The old
tower is torn down. The new tower was built from a kit from
the Rosenwach Tank Co. of Long Island, NY. The tank was
placed on the original foundation. [DRK]
April 17: The north
tube of the Detroit River railroad tunnel is re-opened after a $27.5
million clearance project. The new dimensions of the tunnel
allow 19' 6"double-stack railroad cars to use the tunnel. [MT/SOO-S/1994]
May 5: Amtrak begins
running passenger trains to Pontiac from Detroit and Chicago.
May: The CP Rail
station in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario is damaged by fire. It is
demolished on August 24, 1994. [MRC-2/1995]
Summer: The Leelanau Scenic
Railroad is no more, as a truck hits one of the line bridges and the
railroad folded. The right of ways are turned into bike
October 1: The former Detroit &
Mackinac depot in Alpena is heavily damaged by fire. The depot
will be razed on December 19, 1996. [MRC-4/1995]
October 27: The Fourth Street
interlocking at Three Rivers is removed. This was the crossing
of the Air Line Division (to Niles) and the Kalamazoo branch.
October: The Huron & Eastern Ry.
has rail-banked approximately 11 miles of the line between Ruth and
Harbor Beach, MI (formally part of the Pere Marquette's Harbor Beach
December 8: Crews from both
sides break through to create the new Port Huron-Sarnia
international railroad tunnel. [MRC-2/1995]
December 9: NS ceases
car float operations in Detroit, as the tug R. G. Cassidy departs
the dock at the NS Board Yard for the last time. [MRC-2/1995]
CSX car float operation at
Port Huron ties up for the last time. The car float operation
began in 1902. [MRC-2/1995]
NS shuts down its steam program.
N&W 611 is placed in a museum in Roanoke, Virginia.
Lake States Railway vacates the
former D&M Tawas City shops, moving maintenance operations to the
roundhouse at Alpena. [MRC-2/1995]
The Alanson & Petosky (former GR&I/PRR)
Lake State Railway abandons the
Paxton Branch. The route, which went from Alpena to an open
pit rock quarry at Paxton formally went west to Hillman.
February 1: Wisconsin Central
takes over control and operations of the Algoma Central Railroad in
April 2: Amtrak discontinues
daily passenger service between Toledo and Detroit. [MRC-
April 5: CN opens new $200 million, 6130-foot
tunnel between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario. Old
tunnel is closed.
April: NS upgrades the old
Union Belt "PX" Yard, which is located between Harbough Avenue and
West End Avenue in Detroit. The yard, which formerly served
the GM Fleetwood plant, will serve a new NS container facility.
It is called West End Yard. [MRC-2/1995]
Spring: CSX ceases operating
railfan excursions. [MRC-6/1995]
May: The Kalamazoo, Lake Shore
and Chicago ceases operation on their line from Hartford to Paw Paw.
Summer: The LS&I completes a
rehabilitation of their Republic Branch in preparation for hauling
aggregate remains from the local pelletizing proces to the ore dock.
October: The West Michigan
Railroad, a Pioneer Rail Corporation unit, begins operation on the
former KLS&C between Hartford and Paw Paw. [MRC-9/1996]
Chicago & Northwestern is merged into
the Union Pacific Railroad (UP). UP now serves the Marquette
iron range in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. [STOV]
The last semaphore signal on the
ex-C&O Michigan lines is removed from the home signal at Porter,
Indiana where the CSX Grand Rapids Sub joins the Conrail
Chicago-Elkhart line. (Editors Note: As of 2001, a fixed, but
lighted semaphore continues to exist on the approach to the Manistee
River bridge in Manistee on the CSX.) [MRC-4/1995]
There are 3,829 miles of railroad in
March 31: Conrail closes
Beaubien Street interlocking tower. The tower was built around
1916 and protected a crossing of Conrail and the Grand Trunk
Western. Operations of the interlocker were transferred to the
Conrail Dearborn dispatcher. [MRC-8/1996]
May 11: The ribbon is cut for
the new Grand Traverse Dinner Train, which runs from Traverse City
to Walton Jct and Williamsburg. [MRC-6/1996]
June: Norfolk Southern
opens a web site at
December: Conrail transfers
control of the "YD" interlocker at Pleasant Street in River Rouge
from Bridge Tower to the Conrail Dearborn dispatcher. The Mill
Street interlocker in Ecorse (also controlled by the Bridge) was
transferred at the same time. [MRC-4/1997]
January: The NS rehabs
its Rouge River drawbridge. [MRC-4/1997]
January: The LS&I and Wisconsin
Central begin an all-rail movement of taconite ore from Tilden Mine
near Negaunee to Algoma Steel in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario.
LS&I moves the ore from Tilden to the WC at Eagle Mills, when then
takes it via Escanaba, Gladstone, Trout Lake and the Soo over the
International Bridge. [SOO-Sp/1996]
February: The NS
acquires the Forman Wye, near Delray in southwest Detroit.
This track was originally built by the Pennsylvania Railroad and
starts just east of the NS draw bridge over the Rouge Rivere,
curving around and connecting with the CSXT just north of the Fort
Street overpass. [MRC-4/1997]
Early 1997: The
Marquette to Munising Jct. portion of the old Duluth, South Shore &
Atlantic has been taken out of service by the Wisconsin Central.
May: America's newest passenger
cog railway opened in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. The Quincy &
Torch Lake Cog Railway carries passengers from Hancock, MI to
historic mining sites on the hill above town. The line is a
half mile long and passengers are transported in a modern steel car
with a capacity of 28 passengers. The car travels at a
constant 5 m.p.h. speed on a grade as high as 35%. [MRC-11/98]
October 18: Wisconsin Central
tears down former Soo Line roundhouse at Sault Ste. Marie.
October 29: Railtex removes 6.6
miles of track between Elmdale, north to Malta (the former PM/GTW
junction). The diamond at Malta has also been removed and a
new connection track has been installed in the northwest quadrant of
the Malta junction. [COHS-1/1998]
October: The approach to the
former Soo Line ore dock in Marquette is dismantled.
Late: Lake State Railway
abandons the Paxton Branch, from Alpena west to the quarry at
December: Rouge Steel takes
over its own railroad switching from the Ford Motor Co. railroad.
75 men at Ford lost their jobs as a result. [MRC-2/1998]
The Lake State Railway announces it
will pay about #10 million to buy locomotives, cars and rail lines
of the Detroit & Mackinac Railway. The transaction should take
place around April 15th. Equipment will now be repainted to
reflect LSRC ownership. The line had been leased by LSRC since
Conrail donates the 100 foot
turntable from the former MCRR shops at Jackson, Michigan to the
Hoosier Valley Railroad Museum at North Judson, Indiana.
The UP (former Soo Line)
abandons trackage between North Escanaba and Hermansville.
The connection track at Hermansville is upgraded for 40 mph.
A new connection track is also installed between the UP line and the
former Soo Line near the old ore yard on the west side of Escanaba.
January: CSX spends $2.5
million to replace the electrical and mechanical systems in its
troubled St. Joseph bridge at St. Joseph. The bridge was
built in 1905. [COHS-2/1998]
April 30: CSXT sells
51-mile Port Huron Subdivision to RailAmerica, Inc. which will
operate it as the Saginaw Valley Railway Co. (SGVY). The
line runs from just east of Saginaw (Paines) to Brown City, MI.
Mid: GTW abandons
portion of the Romeo subdivision from Richmond to washington.
The rails are to be removed this winter. This section has
not seen rail service in a number of years. GTW has also
applied to abandon the section from Washington to Pontiac.
August 10: Manhattan Jct.
and the Cherry Street branch (of the Norfolk Southern) come
under the control of the Yardmaster at Homestead Yard.
Summer: The City of
Marquette purchases the old ore dock approach trestle
right-of-way that bisects their downtown area for $200,000.
The Front St. portion of the trestle, which carries a "Welcome
to Marquette" message will remain. [MRC-11/98]
Fall: CSX and NS have begun
upgrading the Lincoln Branch, between Carleton and Detroit.
CSX trains will now be able to get on the Lincoln Branch at
Schaefer Road and head south. [MRC-11/98]
Fall: The Ann Arbor
Railroad completes relocation of their Ottawa Yard in Toledo to
make room for the new Chrysler Jeep plant. [AATHA-SS/1997]
Fall: CSX, now the owner of
the line from MA (Michigan Avenue) to North Lansing, removes one
section of double track to make the line single track. CTC
signaling is also installed, controlled from Jacksonville.
One track in the Ensel Yard (Lansing) is modified to be used as
a passing track. [MRC-11/98]
remaining GTW Jackson subdivision from M.A.L. Junction in
Pontiac to Heego Harbor is placed out of service and is up for
Valley RR takes over operation of the former 52-mile CSX line
from Saginaw to Brown City - 4/27/1998 - [MRC-6/00]